You are here: Spatial Analysis > TopologyBuilder


Computes topology on input point, line, and/or area features, and outputs significant nodes, edges, and faces with attributes describing topological relationships.

Jump to Configuration

Typical Uses

  • Computing topological relationships on vector features
  • Finding intersections

How does it work?

The TopologyBuilder computes topology on input point, line, and/or area features.

Topologically significant nodes and lines are computed using all input features and output with additional attributes which describe the topological relationships. The TopologyBuilder does not assume that all input data is clean and noded properly unless Assume Clean Data is set to Yes. It takes any data and constructs the resulting topology after computing any intersections present in the input data.

It outputs the significant Nodes (points) and Edges (lines) with attributes describing their topological relationships. Faces (areas) are output with information about the Edges which form them.

This transformer is typically used to determine topological relationships to aid in decision making in later transformers.

* Red line indicates direction of flow.


Usage Notes

  • The TopologyBuilder will not correct data - it will only find relationships and intersections that exist.
  • Though Z values (elevations) will be retained on features, they are not considered when computing intersections.

Choosing a Spatial Transformer

Many transformers can assess spatial relationships and perform spatial joins - analyzing topology, merging attributes, and sometimes modifying geometry. Generally, choosing the one that is most specific to the task you need to accomplish will provide the optimal performance results. If there is more than one way to do it (which is frequently the case), time spent on performance testing alternate methods may be worthwhile.

To correctly analyze spatial relationships, all features should be in the same coordinate system. The Reprojector may be useful for reprojecting features within the workspace.


Input Ports

Output Ports

Each topological primitive is output with attributes describing its topological relationships. Unlike most transformers, you cannot name these attributes.


Editing Transformer Parameters

Using a set of menu options, transformer parameters can be assigned by referencing other elements in the workspace. More advanced functions, such as an advanced editor and an arithmetic editor, are also available in some transformers. To access a menu of these options, click beside the applicable parameter. For more information, see Transformer Parameter Menu Options.

Defining Values

There are several ways to define a value for use in a Transformer. The simplest is to simply type in a value or string, which can include functions of various types such as attribute references, math and string functions, and workspace parameters. There are a number of tools and shortcuts that can assist in constructing values, generally available from the drop-down context menu adjacent to the value field.


Processing Behavior


Feature Holding


FME Licensing Level FME Base Edition and above
Aliases Topologizer

Spatial Analysis

FME Knowledge Center

The FME Knowledge Center is the place for demos, how-tos, articles, FAQs, and more. Get answers to your questions, learn from other users, and suggest, vote, and comment on new features.

Search for all results about the TopologyBuilder on the FME Knowledge Center.


Examples may contain information licensed under the Open Government Licence – Vancouver