FME Transformers: 2024.1
FME Transformers: 2024.1
SherbendGeneralizer
Uses the Sherbend algorithm to simplify lines by reducing unnecessary details based on the analysis of the line’s bends.
How does it work?
Sherbend is a constraintbased algorithm that preserves the spatial relationship of the lines and points in the input data. The Sherbend algorithm iteratively generalizes the bends in a line by using the Diameter parameter to select bends for generalization. The generalization process may eliminate, reduce, or combine bends, while resolving conflicts.
The strategy for generalizing bends in a line is as follows:
 Calculate the area of a reference circle whose diameter is specified by the Diameter parameter.
 For each line, determine the locations of the bends.
 For each bend, calculate its perimeter. Next, construct a circle whose circumference is equal to that perimeter. Finally, determine the adjusted area of the bend, which is 75% of the area of that circle.
 For each bend, generalize the bend if its area is below the area of the reference circle and spatial constraints are met.
 Repeat the above steps until there are no more bends to generalize.
Additional Information
The aim of line generalization is to reduce the details on a line for representation at a smaller scale. While the wellknown DouglasPeucker algorithm is good at reducing the number of points in a line, it is not so good at removing unnecessary details in a line. The Generalizer transformer contains a selection of algorithms under its parameters including the DouglasPeucker algorithm.
In comparison, the Sherbend algorithm is well suited for the generalization of natural features (contours, lakes, rivers, wooded areas, etc.) because it preserves the general shape of the line. Moreover, if spatial constraints are enabled, the spatial relationship between the input entities are preserved. The DouglasPeucker algorithm with a small tolerance is often used before or after Sherbend to further reduce the number of points to further fulfill the goals of generalization.
Performance and Usage Notes
 The Sherbend algorithm iteratively detects and generalizes bends, and then detects and resolves spatial conflicts. The generalized lines from one iteration are passed to the next iteration until the lines cannot be generalized further. Due to this iterative process, the algorithm is timeintensive, which is a tradeoff to improved accuracy and quality of generalization.
 Constraint checking is a highly timeintensive operation. Use constraints only as necessary.
 To generalize each feature independently, consider using the Generalizer transformer.
Examples
In this example, a bend is reduced (green = input, red = output):
In this example, a bend is eliminated:
In this example, three bends are combined into one:
The following diagram illustrates the generalization process on a single line in a realworld dataset:
This example illustrates the generalization process on a set of contours:
Configuration
Input Ports
Lines
Input lines for generalization. They are assumed to not selfintersect or intersect with another line or point.
Points
Input points for the sidedness constraint. When the “Sidedness” constraint is enabled, these points will prevent a bend generalization if that would change the spatial relationship between the bend and the points.
Output Ports
Lines
The generalized lines.
Conflicts
Bends that, if generalized, would violate the selected constraint.
<Rejected>
Invalid input features will be output to the <Rejected> port.
Parameters
Group Processing
Group By 
Only lines and points in the same group are subject to constraint checking. If no group is specified, all lines and points are placed in the same group. 

Complete Groups 
Select the point in processing at which groups are processed:
Considerations for Using Group By
There are two typical reasons for using When Group Changes (Advanced) . The first is incoming data that is intended to be processed in groups (and is already so ordered). In this case, the structure dictates Group By usage  not performance considerations. The second possible reason is potential performance gains. Performance gains are most likely when the data is already sorted (or read using a SQL ORDER BY statement) since less work is required of FME. If the data needs ordering, it can be sorted in the workspace (though the added processing overhead may negate any gains). Sorting becomes more difficult according to the number of data streams. Multiple streams of data could be almost impossible to sort into the correct order, since all features matching a Group By value need to arrive before any features (of any feature type or dataset) belonging to the next group. In this case, using Group By with When All Features Received may be the equivalent and simpler approach. Note Multiple feature types and features from multiple datasets will not generally naturally occur in the correct order.
As with many scenarios, testing different approaches in your workspace with your data is the only definitive way to identify performance gains. 
General
Diameter 
This parameter specifies the diameter of the reference circle (described at the beginning of this documentation), which roughly describes the width of a bend below which the bend will be generalized. Different lines can have different diameters specified as an attribute. The bigger the diameter, the more likely bends will be generalized. 
Spatial Constraints 
Enables spatial constraints, which are only applied to lines and points in the same group.
In this diagram, the blue bend cannot be generalized as it would violate the “Sidedness” constraint:
In this diagram, the blue bend cannot be generalized as it would violate the “Self Intersection” constraint:

Preserve Endpoints in Closed Lines 
This parameter, if set to No, will reorder (rotate) the coordinate list of each closed line in an attempt to improve the quality of generalization. To preserve juncture connectivity, the transformer must ensure that the starting and end coordinates of every line are kept stationary. Therefore, if it is important to keep the positions of the first and last coordinates in a closed line (perhaps because they are on a juncture), this parameter should be set to Yes. If this parameter is set to Yes, the endpoints of a line will not be moved. This behavior allows the preservation of juncture connectivity. 
Editing Transformer Parameters
Transformer parameters can be set by directly entering values, using expressions, or referencing other elements in the workspace such as attribute values or user parameters. Various editors and context menus are available to assist. To see what is available, click beside the applicable parameter.
How to Set Parameter Values
Defining Values
There are several ways to define a value for use in a Transformer. The simplest is to simply type in a value or string, which can include functions of various types such as attribute references, math and string functions, and workspace parameters.
Using the Text Editor
The Text Editor provides a convenient way to construct text strings (including regular expressions) from various data sources, such as attributes, parameters, and constants, where the result is used directly inside a parameter.
Using the Arithmetic Editor
The Arithmetic Editor provides a convenient way to construct math expressions from various data sources, such as attributes, parameters, and feature functions, where the result is used directly inside a parameter.
Conditional Values
Set values depending on one or more test conditions that either pass or fail.
Parameter Condition Definition Dialog
Content
Expressions and strings can include a number of functions, characters, parameters, and more.
When setting values  whether entered directly in a parameter or constructed using one of the editors  strings and expressions containing String, Math, Date/Time or FME Feature Functions will have those functions evaluated. Therefore, the names of these functions (in the form @<function_name>) should not be used as literal string values.
Content Types
These functions manipulate and format strings.  
Special Characters 
A set of control characters is available in the Text Editor. 
Math functions are available in both editors.  
Date/Time Functions  Date and time functions are available in the Text Editor. 
These operators are available in the Arithmetic Editor.  
These return primarily featurespecific values.  
FME and workspacespecific parameters may be used.  
Creating and Modifying User Parameters  Create your own editable parameters. 
Dialog Options  Tables
Table Tools
Transformers with tablestyle parameters have additional tools for populating and manipulating values.
Row Reordering

Enabled once you have clicked on a row item. Choices include:

Cut, Copy, and Paste

Enabled once you have clicked on a row item. Choices include:
Cut, copy, and paste may be used within a transformer, or between transformers. 
Filter

Start typing a string, and the matrix will only display rows matching those characters. Searches all columns. This only affects the display of attributes within the transformer  it does not alter which attributes are output. 
Import

Import populates the table with a set of new attributes read from a dataset. Specific application varies between transformers. 
Reset/Refresh

Generally resets the table to its initial state, and may provide additional options to remove invalid entries. Behavior varies between transformers. 
Note: Not all tools are available in all transformers.
For more information, see Transformer Parameter Menu Options.
FME Community
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